Paper Machines

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Paper Machines

By Markus Krajewski
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Isbn : 0262297272
  • Pages : 224
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Reads : 549
  • File Pdf: paper-machines.pdf

Book Summary:

Why the card catalog—a “paper machine” with rearrangeable elements—can be regarded as a precursor of the computer. Today on almost every desk in every office sits a computer. Eighty years ago, desktops were equipped with a nonelectronic data processing machine: a card file. In Paper Machines, Markus Krajewski traces the evolution of this proto-computer of rearrangeable parts (file cards) that became ubiquitous in offices between the world wars. The story begins with Konrad Gessner, a sixteenth-century Swiss polymath who described a new method of processing data: to cut up a sheet of handwritten notes into slips of paper, with one fact or topic per slip, and arrange as desired. In the late eighteenth century, the card catalog became the librarian's answer to the threat of information overload. Then, at the turn of the twentieth century, business adopted the technology of the card catalog as a bookkeeping tool. Krajewski explores this conceptual development and casts the card file as a “universal paper machine” that accomplishes the basic operations of Turing's universal discrete machine: storing, processing, and transferring data. In telling his story, Krajewski takes the reader on a number of illuminating detours, telling us, for example, that the card catalog and the numbered street address emerged at the same time in the same city (Vienna), and that Harvard University's home-grown cataloging system grew out of a librarian's laziness; and that Melvil Dewey (originator of the Dewey Decimal System) helped bring about the technology transfer of card files to business.

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Book Summary:

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Book Summary:

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Book Summary:

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  • File Pdf: the-monfils-conspiracy.pdf

Book Summary:

On November 21, 1992, Thomas Monfils, an employee at the James River paper mill in Green Bay, Wisconsin, disappeared. After an intensive search, his body was found the next evening, submerged in a pulp vat. The police called it murder. In 1995, six of Monfils coworkers were wrongfully convicted of his death, the result of a preordained theory and a reckless prosecution. Highly detailed and meticulously researched, The Monfils Conspiracy reveals the true story of a botched case that landed six innocent men in prison. Through extensive interviews, court documents, police reports, and other documentation, Denis Gullickson and John Gaie present a powerful look at the troubling events surrounding the death of Thomas Monfils and the mistake-riddled investigation that followed. Gullickson and Gaie trace the futile twenty-nine month investigation between the time of Monfils death and the conviction, one pock-marked with dead end leads and overlooked evidence. Using solid facts, they lay bare the weaknesses, inconsistencies, and secrets in the prosecutions case and the jurys erroneous rush to judgment. As recently as 2001, a federal judge ordered the release of one of the men, citing a lack of evidence, and further suggesting the original proof as unsound. Fifteen years after Monfils death and a dozen years after his coworkers convictions, The Monfils Conspiracy shatters the myths surrounding this case and opens the door to justiceand the truth.

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  • File Pdf: control-science-technology-for-development.pdf

Book Summary:

Provides a detailed analysis of the recent developments and practical applications of automatic control. Of particular interest are control problems related to power systems, water supply systems, pollution, industrial processes, energy economics and production management systems. Contains over 80 papers.

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  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Harper Collins
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  • File Pdf: paper.pdf

Book Summary:

From the author of The Bad Book Affair comes a witty, personal, and entertaining meditation on the history and significance of paper—an international cultural study and a series of personal reflections on the meaning of this essential product. Let us suppose for a moment that paper were to disappear. Would anything be lost? Everything would be lost. Paper surrounds us. Not only as books, letters and diaries, but as beer mats and birth certificates, board games and business cards, fireworks and flypaper, photographs and playing cards, tickets and tea bags. We are paper people. But the age of paper is coming to an end. E-books regularly outsell physical books. E-tickets replace the paper variety. Archives are digitized. The world we know was made from paper, and yet everywhere we look, paper is beginning to disappear. As we enter a world beyond paper, Ian Sansom explores the paradoxes of the greatest of man-made materials and shows how some kinds of paper, and the ghosts and shadows of paper, will always be with us. Paper: An Elegy is a history of paper in all its forms and functions. Both a cultural study and a series of personal reflections on the meaning of paper, this book is a timely meditation on the very paper it is printed on.

Fault Detection, Supervision and Safety for Technical Processes 1991

By B. Freyermuth,R. Isermann
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Isbn : 1483299031
  • Pages : 638
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reads : 410
  • File Pdf: fault-detection-supervision-and-safety-for-technical-processes-1991.pdf

Book Summary:

These Proceedings provide a general overview as well as detailed information on the developing field of reliability and safety of technical processes in automatically controlled processes. The plenary papers present the state-of-the-art and an overview in the areas of aircraft and nuclear power stations, because these safety-critical system domains possess the most highly developed fault management and supervision schemes. Additional plenary papers covered the recent developments in analytical redundancy. In total there are 95 papers presented in these Proceedings.

Pulp and Paper Industry

By Pratima Bajpai
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Isbn : 0128034262
  • Pages : 226
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 281
  • File Pdf: pulp-and-paper-industry.pdf

Book Summary:

Pulp and Paper Industry: Microbiological Issues in Papermaking features in-depth and thorough coverage of microbiological issues in papermaking and their consequences and the current state of the different alternatives for prevention, treatment and control of biofilm/slime considering the impact of the actual technological changes in papermaking on the control programmes. The microbial issues in paper mill systems, chemistry of deposits on paper machines, the strategies for deposit control and methods used for the analysis of biofouling are all dealt in this book along with various growth prevention methods. The traditional use of biocides is discussed taken into account the new environmental regulations regarding their use. Finally, discusses the trends regarding the future of the microbiological control in papermaking systems. In-depth coverage of microbiological issues in papermaking and their consequences Discusses eco-efficient processes (green processes) for biofilm/slime control Offers a thorough review of the current literature with links to the primary literature Comprehensive indexing Author is an authority in the pulp and paper industry

History of East Brimfield and the Lost Village

By John Mahitka Jr.,Kenneth Lucier
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
  • Isbn : 1684712076
  • Pages :
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 160
  • File Pdf: history-of-east-brimfield-and-the-lost-village.pdf

Book Summary:

The Quinebaug River, which sources near East Brimfield MA is the focal point of the story. It begins in the 1700’s, and includes historical information on indigenous people. The book takes you on a fascinating fact laden trip through time of the people of East Brimfield and what is now its Lost Village. The book integrates the general history of the region with the local flavor of the life span of a quaint community of New Englanders. The interesting narrative incorporates how it prospers through the Industrial Revolution, the stage and trolley days on into the 20th century, and survived the Great Depression. The authors document the village’s eventual demise at the hands of mother nature and public policy. They describe life as it was, and explain how the sinking of the Titanic was a pivotal part of East Brimfield’s history. The authors describe the beautiful environment the land held for those who lived there. The book includes accounts of hurricanes, tornadoes, floods and other unusual events.

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials

By Andreas Mortensen
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Isbn : 9780080524627
  • Pages : 1050
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reads : 470
  • File Pdf: concise-encyclopedia-of-composite-materials.pdf

Book Summary:

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set. This customized collection of articles provides a handy reference for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in composite materials made from polymers, metals, ceramics, carbon, biocomposites, nanocomposites, wood, cement, fibers, etc. Brings together articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology that focus on the essentials of composite materials, including recent updates Every article has been commissioned and written by an internationally recognized expert and provides a concise overview of a particular aspect of the field Enables rapid reference; extensive bibliographies, cross-referencing and indexes guide the user to the most relevant reading in the primary literature Covers areas of active research, such as biomaterials and porous materials

Exploring Big Historical Data

By Shawn Graham,Ian Milligan,Scott Weingart
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Isbn : 1783266112
  • Pages : 308
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 736
  • File Pdf: exploring-big-historical-data.pdf

Book Summary:

The Digital Humanities have arrived at a moment when digital Big Data is becoming more readily available, opening exciting new avenues of inquiry but also new challenges. This pioneering book describes and demonstrates the ways these data can be explored to construct cultural heritage knowledge, for research and in teaching and learning. It helps humanities scholars to grasp Big Data in order to do their work, whether that means understanding the underlying algorithms at work in search engines, or designing and using their own tools to process large amounts of information. Demonstrating what digital tools have to offer and also what 'digital' does to how we understand the past, the authors introduce the many different tools and developing approaches in Big Data for historical and humanistic scholarship, show how to use them, what to be wary of, and discuss the kinds of questions and new perspectives this new macroscopic perspective opens up. Authored 'live' online with ongoing feedback from the wider digital history community, Exploring Big Historical Data breaks new ground and sets the direction for the conversation into the future. It represents the current state-of-the-art thinking in the field and exemplifies the way that digital work can enhance public engagement in the humanities. Exploring Big Historical Data should be the go-to resource for undergraduate and graduate students confronted by a vast corpus of data, and researchers encountering these methods for the first time. It will also offer a helping hand to the interested individual seeking to make sense of genealogical data or digitized newspapers, and even the local historical society who are trying to see the value in digitizing their holdings. The companion website to Exploring Big Historical Data can be found at http://www.themacroscope.org/. On this site you will find code, a discussion forum, essays, and datafiles that accompany this book.

Applying Data Science

By Arthur K. Kordon
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Isbn : 3030363759
  • Pages : 494
  • Category : Computers
  • Reads : 296
  • File Pdf: applying-data-science.pdf

Book Summary:

This book offers practical guidelines on creating value from the application of data science based on selected artificial intelligence methods. In Part I, the author introduces a problem-driven approach to implementing AI-based data science and offers practical explanations of key technologies: machine learning, deep learning, decision trees and random forests, evolutionary computation, swarm intelligence, and intelligent agents. In Part II, he describes the main steps in creating AI-based data science solutions for business problems, including problem knowledge acquisition, data preparation, data analysis, model development, and model deployment lifecycle. Finally, in Part III the author illustrates the power of AI-based data science with successful applications in manufacturing and business. He also shows how to introduce this technology in a business setting and guides the reader on how to build the appropriate infrastructure and develop the required skillsets. The book is ideal for data scientists who will implement the proposed methodology and techniques in their projects. It is also intended to help business leaders and entrepreneurs who want to create competitive advantage by using AI-based data science, as well as academics and students looking for an industrial view of this discipline.

Most Wonderful Machine

By Judith A. McGaw
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Isbn : 0691194645
  • Pages : 464
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 308
  • File Pdf: most-wonderful-machine.pdf

Book Summary:

On a visit to a Berkshire paper mill, the narrator of Herman Melville's "The Tartarus of Maids" views the "wonderful" papermaking machine with awe and calls it a "miracle of inscrutable intricacy." Manifesting in their factories and towns such nineteenth-century fascination with machinery, paper mill owners and workers made an industrial revolution in Berkshrie County, Massachusetts. This book examines their experiences from the era of craft production through several generations of sustained technological change to answer two major questions: What accounts for the widespread and rapid adoption of machines in nineteenth-century America? And how did the new technology help to transform America socially and culturally? Rejecting technological determinism, Judith McGaw effectively integrates labor, business, social, and women's history with technological history to bring to life the human decisions that made mechanization possible. In compelling detail the author offers new explanations of how change in the craft era paved the way for industrialization and how paternalism worked in small-scale industry. She also provides a thoughtful discussion of the interaction between evangelical culture and the emerging industrial order, and a close analysis of how nineteenth-century gender distinctions fostered mechanization. Judith A. McGaw is Assistant Professor of History of Technology at the University of Pennsylvania. Originally published in 1987. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.